know


know
know1 W1S1 [nəu US nou] v past tense knew [nju: US nu:] past participle known [nəun US noun]
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1¦(have information)¦
2¦(be sure)¦
3¦(be familiar with somebody/something)¦
4¦(realize)¦
5¦(skill/experience)¦
6¦(know somebody's qualities)¦
7 know better
8 not know any better
9 know something inside out
10 know your way around something
11 make yourself known (to somebody)
12¦(recognize)¦
13 know somebody/something as something
14 know something from something
15¦(experience)¦
16 somebody/something is not known to be something
17 I've known somebody/something to do something
18 you know
19 you know/do you know
20 I know
21 I don't know
22 I don't know how/why etc
23 I don't know about you but...
24 I don't know how to thank you/repay you
25 wouldn't you know (it)
26 you don't know
27 I wouldn't know
28 what does somebody know?
29 how should I know?/how am I to know?/how do I know?
30 how was I to know?/how did I know?
31 be not to know
32 I ought to know
33 for all I know
34 not that I know of
35 Heaven/God/who/goodness knows!
36 knowing my luck
37 (well,) what do you know?
38 if you know what's good for you
39 you know who/what
40 there's no knowing
41 let it be known/make it known (that)
42 not want to know
43 know the score
44 not know what hit you
45 know your place
46 know no bounds
47 somebody knows best
48 before you know it
49 know different/otherwise
50 know your own mind
51 you will be delighted/pleased etc to know (that)
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[: Old English; Origin: cnawan]
1.) ¦(HAVE INFORMATION)¦ [I,T not in progressive]
to have information about something
Who knows the answer?
There are instructions telling you everything you need to know.
Didn't you know that?
know what/how/where etc
Do you know what time it is?
I don't know where to go.
know (sth/nothing etc) about sth
I need to know more about the job before I decide whether to apply for it.
Little is known about the author's childhood.
I know all about David and what he's been up to!
know (sth/nothing etc) of sth
I wonder if he knew of the plan?
Do you know of any good restaurants in the area?
You know nothing of this business.
know (that)
We know that greenhouse gases can affect the climate.
Let me know (=tell me) what time you're planning to arrive.
I thought you'd want to know immediately.
If you must know , I was with James last night (=used when you are angry because someone wants to know something) .
without sb/sb's knowing
He slipped out of the house without his parents knowing (=secretly) .
How did he know (=how did he find information about) our names?
as you/we know
'I'm divorced, as you know,' she said briefly.
be known to do sth
Smoking is known to increase a person's risk of developing lung cancer.
see usage noteignore
2.) ¦(BE SURE)¦ [I,T not in progressive]
to be sure about something
'Are you seeing Jim tomorrow?' 'I don't know yet.'
know (that)
I know I won't get the job.
Ruth knew that she couldn't continue in the relationship for much longer.
know what/why/how etc
I know exactly what you need!
know if/whether
The boy stared at him uncertainly, not knowing whether to believe him.
I don't know if I'll be able to come.
knowing (that)
She forced herself to go out, knowing that she would feel more depressed if she stayed at home.
How do you know (=what makes you sure) he won't do it again?
know sb/sth to be sth
It's a story that I know to be true.
I think he's still living in Chicago, but I don't know for sure .
As far as I know , they're arriving on Saturday (=used when you think something is true but are not sure) .
I doubt I'll win, but you never know (=used when you cannot be sure about something, but something good might happen) .
3.) ¦(BE FAMILIAR WITH SOMEBODY/SOMETHING)¦ [T not in progressive]
to be familiar with a person, place etc
I've known her for twenty years.
Are you really thinking of leaving Kevin for a guy you barely know?
Do you know the nightclub on the corner of Maine Street?
I don't know him very well .
We're still getting to know each other really.
know sb from sth
I know her from school.
know sb as sth
Many people knew him as a local businessman.
Hepburn is best known for (=people are most likely to be familiar with) her roles in classic films such as 'My Fair Lady'.
The museum outlines the development of the city as we know it today.
Does he know the way to your house (=know how to get there) ?
I grew up here; I know the place like the back of my hand (=I know it very well) .
I only know her by sight (=I often see her but have not really spoken to her) .
She didn't know me from Adam , but she was really helpful (=she did not know me at all) .
knowing sb/if I know sb
(=used to say that you expect someone to behave in a particular way because you know them well)
Knowing Sumi, my note's probably still in her pocket.
He'll be chatting up the women, if I know Ron!
4.) ¦(REALIZE)¦ [I and T]
to realize, find out about, or understand something
Hardly knowing what he was doing, Nick pulled out a cigarette.
She knew the risks involved.
know (that)
Suddenly she knew that something was terribly wrong.
know how/what/why etc
I didn't know how difficult it would be.
know to do sth
She knows not to tell anyone.
(do/if) you know what I mean?
(=used to ask if someone has understood you)
It's nice to have a change sometimes. Know what I mean?
'I just felt so tired.' 'Yeah, I know what you mean .' (=I understand, because I have had the same experience)
I should have known it wouldn't be easy.
I might have known (=I am annoyed but not surprised) you would take that attitude.
know exactly/precisely
I know exactly how you feel.
know perfectly well/full well/only too well
He knew full well that what he was doing was dangerous.
sb will never know/no one will ever know
Just take it, no one will ever know.
'That's not what I mean, and you know it ,' Cara protested.
if I had known/if I'd have known
I wouldn't have come if I'd known you were so busy.
Little did she know (=she did not know) that years later she would have her own pool and luxury apartment in Florida.
She knew nothing of what had happened earlier that day.
5.) ¦(SKILL/EXPERIENCE)¦ [T not in progressive]
to have learned a lot about something or be skilful and experienced at doing something
I don't know enough history to make a comparison.
I taught him everything he knows.
I know some French.
know how to do sth
Do you know how to change a fuse?
know about
I have a friend who knows about antiques.
Bessie knew nothing about football.
Politicians know all about the power of language.
I don't know the first thing about (=I know nothing about) looking after children.
I don't really know what I'm doing (=I do not have enough skill and experience to deal with something) when it comes to cars.
The staff are dedicated people who clearly know what they are talking about .
She knew from experience that exams made her very nervous.
know your job/subject/stuff
(=be good at and know all you should about a job or subject)
a decent manager who knows the ropes (=has a lot of experience)
My cousin knows a thing or two (=know a lot about) about golf.
know a song/tune/poem etc
(=be able to sing a song, say a poem etc because you have learned it)
Do you know all the words to 'As Time Goes By'?
6.) ¦(KNOW SOMEBODY'S QUALITIES)¦ [T not in progressive]
to think that someone has particular qualities
know sb as sth
I knew him as a hard-working, modest, and honest politician.
know sb for sth
In fact, I knew her for a tough-minded young woman.
7.) know better
a) to be wise or experienced enough not to do something
It's just prejudice from educated people who should know better .
Eva knew better than to interrupt one of Mark's jokes.
b) to know or think you know more than someone else
Everyone thought it was an accident. Only Dan knew better.
8.) not know any better
used to say that someone does something bad or stupid because they have not been told or taught that it is wrong
Drugs are being sold to children who don't know any better.
9.) know sth inside out also know sth backwards BrE know sth backwards and forwards AmE
to be very familiar with something, especially because you have learned about it or because you have a lot of experience
Erikson know the game inside out.
10.) know your way around sth
a) to be so familiar with something that you are confident and good at using it
She knows her way around a wine list.
b) to be familiar with a place so that you know where things are
I don't know my way around the city yet.
11.) make yourself known (to sb)
formal to introduce yourself to someone
After she had gone, Paul made himself known to Dr Heatherton.
12.) ¦(RECOGNIZE)¦ [T]
to be able to recognize someone or something
Honestly, it had been so long, I hardly knew her.
know sb/sth by sth
He looked very different, but I knew him by his voice.
13.) know sb/sth as sth
to have a particular name
The main street between the castle and the palace is known as 'the Royal Mile'.
Nitrous oxide is commonly known as laughing gas.
14.) know sth from sth
to understand the difference between one thing and another
Lloyd doesn't even know his right from his left.
At what age do children start to know right from wrong?
15.) ¦(EXPERIENCE)¦ [T]
to have experience of a particular feeling or situation
I don't think he ever knew true happiness.
know about
I know all about being poor.
I've never known (=have never experienced) this to happen in all the time I've worked here.
I've never known him to shout (=he never shouts) .
16.) sb/sth is not known to be sth
or sb/sth has never been known to do sth
used to say there is no information that someone or something has particular qualities
This species is not known to be vicious.
17.) I've known sb/sth to do sth
or sb/sth has been known to do sth
used to say that someone does something sometimes or that something happens sometimes, even if it is unusual
People have been known to drive 500 miles just to visit the shop.
This type of fish has been known to live for 10 years or more.
18.) spoken you know
a) used to emphasize a statement
There's no excuse, you know.
b) used to make sure that someone understands what you are saying
I felt very upset, you know?
c) used when you want to keep someone's attention, but cannot think of what to say next
Well, you know, we've got a job to do here.
d) used when you are explaining or describing something and want to give more information
That flower in the garden, you know, the purple one, what is it?
19.) spoken you know/do you know
used to start talking about something, or make someone listen
You know, I sometimes feel I don't know him at all.
Do you know, when I went out this morning that man was still there.
(do) you know what/sth?
You know what? I think he's lonely.
20.) spoken I know
a) used to agree with someone or to say that you feel the same way
'We have to talk about it, Rob.' 'Yeah, I know.'
b) used to say that you have suddenly had an idea, thought of a solution to a problem, etc
I know, let's go out for a meal on your birthday.
c) used to stop someone from interrupting because they have an opinion about what you are saying
It sounds silly, I know, but I will explain.
I know, I know, I should have had the car checked out before now.
21.) spoken I don't know
a) used to say that you do not have the answer to a question
'When did they arrive?' 'I don't know.'
b) used when you are not sure about something
'How old do you think he is?' 'Oh, I don't know, sixty, seventy?'
I don't know what/how/whether etc
I don't know whether to call him.
I don't know that
I don't know that you need a passport for travelling within the EU.
c) used to show that you disagree slightly with what has just been said
'I couldn't live there.' 'Oh, I don't know. It might not be so bad.'
d) BrE used to show that you are slightly annoyed
Oh, I don't know! You're hopeless!
22.) spoken I don't know how/why etc
used to criticize someone
I don't know how people could keep an animal in those conditions.
23.) spoken I don't know about you but...
used to give your opinion, decision, or suggestion when you are not sure that the person you are talking to will feel the same way
I don't know about you, but I'll be glad when Christmas is over.
24.) spoken I don't know how to thank you/repay you
used to thank someone
25.) spoken wouldn't you know (it)
used to say that something is not at all surprising
I was told in no uncertain terms that Helen, wouldn't you know it, didn't approve.
26.) spoken you don't know
used to emphasize how strong your feelings are
You don't know how much I missed him.
27.) spoken I wouldn't know
used to say that you do not know the answer to something and that you are not the person who would know
28.) spoken what does sb know?
used to say angrily that someone's opinion is wrong or that it is not important
What does she know about relationships?
29.) spoken how should I know?/how am I to know?/how do I know?
used to say that it is not reasonable to expect that you should know something
'When will they be back?' 'How should I know?'
30.)spoken how was I to know?/how did I know?
used as an excuse when something bad has happened
How was I to know that the file was confidential?
31.) spoken be not to know
BrE used to say that you do not mind that someone has made a mistake because they could not have avoided it
'Sorry, I didn't realize you had guests.' 'That's all right, you weren't to know.'
32.) spoken I ought to know
used to emphasize that you know about something because you made it, experienced it etc
'Are you sure there's no sugar in this coffee?' 'Of course. I ought to know, I made it!'
33.) spoken for all I know
used to emphasize that you do not know something and say that it is not important to you
I don't know where she is. She could have been kidnapped for all I know.
34.) spoken not that I know of
used to say that you think the answer is 'no' but there may be facts that you do not know about
'Did he call earlier?' 'Not that I know of.'
35.) spoken Heaven/God/who/goodness knows!
a) used to say that you do not know the answer to a question
'Where do you think he's disappeared to this time?' 'God knows!'
Goodness knows why she didn't go herself.
b) used to emphasize a statement
Goodness knows, I've never liked the woman, but I didn't know how bad it would be to work with her.
36.) spoken knowing my luck
used to say that you expect something bad will happen because you are usually unlucky
Knowing my luck, the train will be late.
37.) spoken (well,) what do you know?
used to express surprise
Well, what do you know? Look who's here!
38.) spoken if you know what's good for you
used to tell someone that they should do something, or something bad will happen
You'll keep your mouth shut about this if you know what's good for you!
39.) spoken you know who/what
used to talk about someone or something without mentioning their name
I saw you know who yesterday.
40.) there's no knowing
it is impossible to know
There was no knowing who might have read the letter.
41.) let it be known/make it known (that)
formal to make sure that people know something, especially by getting someone else to tell them
Farrar let it be known that he saw nothing wrong with the proposed solutions.
42.) not want to know
BrE informal to not be interested in someone and what they want to say
She'd approached several model agencies but they just didn't want to know.
43.) know the score informal
to understand a situation and all the good and bad features about it
I knew the score before I started the job.
44.) not know what hit you informal
to feel shocked and confused because something happens when you were not expecting it to
Poor man, I don't think he knew what hit him.
45.) know your place
used to say that someone understands that they are less important than other people - usually used humorously
I know my place. I'll get back to the kitchen!
46.) know no bounds
formal if a feeling or quality knows no bounds, it is not limited in any way
His enthusiasm knew no bounds.
47.) sb knows best
used to say that someone should be obeyed or that their way of doing things should be accepted because they are experienced
She always thinks she knows best.
I have always hated the attitude that 'the doctor knows best'.
48.) before you know it
used to say that something happens very quickly and when you are not expecting it
You'll be home before you know it.
49.) know different/otherwise informal
to know that the opposite of something is true
He told people he didn't care about her, but deep down he knew different.
50.) know your own mind
to be confident and have firm ideas about what you want and like
51.) you will be delighted/pleased etc to know (that)
formal used before you give someone information that they will be pleased to hear
You will be pleased to know that we have accepted your offer.
the next thing I/she etc knew atnext1 (6)
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WORD CHOICE: know, find out, get to know
Know means to have information about something : I know where you live. | I never knew you were such a good dancer.
!! Do not use know when you mean to get information about something that you want to know. Use find out instead : I went to the window to find out what was happening outside (NOT I went to the window to know what was happening outside).
Know also means to be familiar with someone or something : Do you know Sara well? | I don't really know London.
!! Do not use know when you mean become familiar with someone or something. Use get to know instead : I'd like to get to know her better (NOT I'd like to know her better). | The best way to get to know Venice is by boat (NOT The best way to know Venice is by boat.)
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know 2
know2 n
in the know informal
having more information about something than most people
People in the know say that interest rates will have to rise again soon.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • know — know; fore·know; fore·know·able; fore·know·er; fore·know·ing·ly; know·abil·i·ty; know·able; know·er; know·ing·ly; know·ing·ness; mis·know; pre·know; un·know·en; know·ing; un·know; know·able·ness; un·know·ably; un·know·ing·ness; …   English syllables

  • Know — (n[=o]), v. t. [imp. {Knew} (n[=u]); p. p. {Known} (n[=o]n); p. pr. & vb. n. {Knowing}.] [OE. knowen, knawen, AS. cn[ a]wan; akin to OHG. chn[ a]an (in comp.), Icel. kn[ a] to be able, Russ. znate to know, L. gnoscere, noscere, Gr. gighw skein,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know — ► VERB (past knew; past part. known) 1) have knowledge of through observation, inquiry, or information. 2) be absolutely sure of something. 3) be familiar or friendly with. 4) have a good command of (a subject or language). 5) have personal… …   English terms dictionary

  • know — [nō] vt. knew, known, knowing [ME knowen < OE cnawan, akin to OHG cnāhan < IE base * ĝen , *ĝnō , to know, apprehend > CAN1, KEN, L gnoscere, to know, Gr gignōskein] 1. to have a clear perception or understanding of; be sure of or well… …   English World dictionary

  • Know — Know, v. i. 1. To have knowledge; to have a clear and certain perception; to possess wisdom, instruction, or information; often with of. [1913 Webster] Israel doth not know, my people doth not consider. Is. i. 3. [1913 Webster] If any man will do …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know of — (someone/something) to have information about someone or something. Do you know of a way to remove this stain? We ve never met, but I certainly know of him. Usage notes: also used in the spoken phrase not that I know of I do not know: “Is he home …   New idioms dictionary

  • know — The expression you know, inserted parenthetically in a sentence in speech, sometimes has real meaning, e.g. in introducing extra information that the hearer is likely to know already, but generally it is a meaningless sentence filler like I mean …   Modern English usage

  • Know — (n[=o]), n. Knee. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • know — I verb absorb, apperceive, appreciate, apprehend, assimilate, be apprised of, be informed, cognize, comprehend, conceive, conclude, conjecture, deduce, digest, discern, fathom, find, gather, glean, grasp, identify, infer, internalize, learn,… …   Law dictionary

  • know — [v1] understand information apperceive, appreciate, apprehend, be acquainted, be cognizant, be conversant in, be informed, be learned, be master of, be read, be schooled, be versed, cognize, comprehend, differentiate, discern, discriminate,… …   New thesaurus

  • Know HR — is an online magazine about human resources processes, employee motivation, and executive compensation. It is syndicated on Reuters, IBS, and The Palm Beach Post.External links* [http://www.knowhr.com/blog/ KnowHR Blog] *… …   Wikipedia


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